Experimental research in pharmacology and toxicology has led to the discovery and development of drugs used to treat physical and mental illnesses. Additionally, toxicological research has led to the identification of environmental toxins, their biological and behavior consequences, and prevention programs aimed at reducing human and non-human exposure. Investigating pharmacology and toxicology without the associated behavioral components would be impractical. Therefore, the experimental analysis of behavior in the context of drugs and toxicants is of the utmost importance. This panel discussion seeks to explore some of the opportunities available in the fields of behavioral pharmacology and toxicology, as well as outlining some of the basic research within these fields and how these fields can inform biological and behavioral science. Topics of interest include answering behavioral questions with toxicology, developing meaningful and sensitive tests for behavioral toxicology in Zebrafish, and delay discounting in relation to drugs.