|You May Not Agree With Everything I've Done, But You Won't Forget That I Was Here: A Tribute to Joseph V. Brady|
|Sunday, May 27, 2012|
|2:00 PM–3:20 PM |
|6BC (Convention Center)|
|Area: SCI/BPH; Domain: Basic Research|
|Chair: Michael F. Cataldo (Kennedy Krieger Institute)|
|Discussant: Michael F. Cataldo (Kennedy Krieger Institute)|
|CE Instructor: Michael F. Cataldo, Ph.D.|
In an extraordinary career spanning over 6 decades, Joe Brady established a remarkable legacy. He was a man of vision. His empirical contributions ranged from investigations of the behavioral conditions that produce stress and associated physiological consequences, to pioneering work in behavioral pharmacology, to conditions affecting performance of astronauts in space. He was a man of exceptional generosity. For example, he established the Behavioral Biology unit at Johns Hopkins University and helped found the Institutes for Behavior Resources. He was a man of abiding inspiration. He trained, educated, and supported numerous students, post-docs, and colleagues; most have gone on to distinguished careers of their own. Recognizing that it would be impossible to capture adequately the breath and richness of Joe's contributions in a single session, in this symposium, close colleagues and friends will celebrate his career.
|Instruction Level: Basic|
|Target Audience: |
Those with interests in the history of behavior analysis, in behavioral pharmacology, and in understanding and treating drug abuse.
|Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of this session, participants should be able to:
- Identify the immense contributions of Joe Brady to behavior analysis, behavioral pharmacology, and science in general
- Articulate some of the important contributions of Joe Brady to the field.
Pluripotent Progenitor of Behavior Analytic Neuroscience
|TRAVIS THOMPSON (University of Minnesota)|
Joseph V. Brady established one of the first truly interdisciplinary ï¿½physiological psychologyï¿½ research and research training programs (now called neuroscience), in the country after WWII. Brady divided his time between Walter Reed Army Research Institute and the Psychopharmacology Laboratory at the University of Maryland, College Park. He displayed in precept and deed, critical scientific leadership principles: (1) surround yourself with the brightest, most talented people in the field, (2) promote innovative interdisciplinary problem solving based on a solid foundation of principles of functionalism, similar to L. J. Henderson & B. F. Skinner, and (3) value scientific principles but ignore disciplines. Like embryonic stem cells, Joe Brady was a progenitor, conducting his own scientific research while encouraging independent lines of fundamental and applied research. His approach was pluripotent, promoting scientific advances that evolved into many important, sometimes unexpected independent fields, such behavioral neuroendocrinology, brain mechanisms in reinforcement, drug addition, basic and clinical behavioral pharmacology, physical rehabilitation, and analysis of complex human behavior in individual and social behavior settings. He was a highly strategic thinker, seeding new theoretically significant endeavors, working with federal agencies and scientific societies to create ongoing support for scientific training and infrastructure, and modeling outstanding interdisciplinary science.
|Dr. Thompson earned a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota and completed post-doctoral training at the University of Maryland and Cambridge University, UK. He has authored 230 journal articles and chapters in the areas of behavior analysis, behavioral pharmacology, and genetics. He has written or edited 30 books, including Straight Talk on Autism, which was a finalist for a National Book Award in 2008. With C. R. Schuster, he co-authored Behavioral Pharmacology. Dr. Thompson has mentored 47 doctorates in psychology, pharmacology, and special education. He was Director of the John F. Kennedy Center, Vanderbilt University. Dr. Thompson is presently a faculty member in the Department of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota, where he has directed early intervention services for children with autism. He has received numerous awards, including the APA Division 25 Don Hake Award, the Research Award, AAID, Distinguished Research Award, The ARC US, the APA Div. 33 Edgar A. Doll Award, and SABA Impact of Science on Application Award. Dr. Thompson is past president of the Behavioral Pharmacology Society, APA Divisions 28 (Psychopharmacology) and 33 (Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities). He is a fellow in ABAI, a member of its Practice Board, and Co-Chair of the 2010, 2011 ABAI Autism Conferences.|
Consequences of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
|THOMAS H. KELLY (University of Kentucky College of Medicine)|
Joseph V. Brady, an interdisciplinary research pioneer, forged a productive, creative and illustrious career by applying the principles of the experimental analysis of behavior to investigations of the functional relationships operating at the nexus of biology and behavior. In the process, Brady and colleagues demonstrated the remarkable precision, flexibility and generality of these principles as applied to such diverse topics as stress and emotion, neurobiology, psychophysics and biofeedback, drug abuse and drug treatment, language, clinical research ethics, and human learning, motivation and social behavior, culminating in the experimental analysis of behavior in space. Brady also applied these principles effectively in the training of graduate students and junior colleagues. Selected clinical studies and reports will be presented to document the manner in which Brady applied the principles of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior throughout his career. The corpus of Bradys life work serves as a rich case study of the consequences of steadfast engagement in the experimental analysis of behavior.
|Thomas H. Kelly, Ph.D., is the Robert Straus Professor and Vice-Chair of the Department of Behavioral Science in the College of Medicine at the University of Kentucky, Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology, and Scientific Director of the Center for Drug Abuse Research Translation. He also serves as the Director of Research Education, Training and Career Development for the Center for Clinical and Translational Science. He is a clinical behavioral pharmacologist examining drug-behavior interactions and assessing bio-behavioral factors associated with individual differences in drug abuse vulnerability.|
The Brady Legacy: Team Performance in Simulated Space Exploration Missions
|STEVEN R. HURSH (Institutes for Behavior Resources, Inc.)|
Joe Brady was a pioneer in the study of human habitability in space. He pioneered work to study performance of primates in space, starting with rhesus monkeys and chimpanzees and later humans in confined programmed environments. In the last decade of his life, he capitalized on advances in computer simulation to explore team performance in simulated space missions and created a test bed for examining a range of factors that can alter the performance of individuals and teams, including topics such as communication modes, autonomy, incentive conditions, and workload. As a direct outgrowth, very recent research has lead to the development of a brief test of cooperative behavior within a behavioral economics framework. This work has been demonstrated to NASA and is now deployed for operational testing in Antarctica.
|Dr. Steven R. Hursh (B.A., Wake Forest University, 1968; Ph.D., University of California, San Diego, 1972) is the President of the Institutes for Behavior Resources and Adjunct Professor of Behavioral Biology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Hursh has forty years experience as a researcher and is author of over 75 articles, book chapters and books. He is a former associate editor of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. His seminal article on economic concepts for the analysis of behavior is considered one of the most significant articles in the history of the journal. Dr. Hursh has been a key figure in the establishment of behavioral economics as a major conceptual area. His research papers have introduced into the behavioral vocabulary a number of "household terms" in behavioral psychology: open and closed economies, demand curves and demand elasticity, unit price, substitution and complementarity, Pmax, Omax, and recently an exponential equation for demand and responding that has broad generality across species and reinforcers. His extensions to drug abuse and the framing of drug abuse policy have had a major impact on the research direction of the National Institute of Drug Abuse, which now funds a variety of studies on the behavioral economics of drug abuse. The concept of essential value derived from exponential demand has promise as a framework for assessing abuse liability and defining drug addiction. Dr. Hursh continues to make contributions as a consultant on research at three major university medical schools looking at behavioral economic processes with humans and non-human primates. Dr. Hursh is currently the President of the Institutes for Behavior Resources, Baltimore, MD, where he directs original research on fatigue, behavioral economics, drug abuse, and cooperative team performance. He has had twenty-three years of experience as a research manager in the Army: consultant to the Army Surgeon General for Research Psychology, Director of the Division of Neuropsychiatry at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, and as a medical staff officer in the Pentagon, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research, Development, and Acquisition). Dr. Hursh spent 12 years with Science Applications International Corporation as a program manager prior to being selected to head the Institutes for Behavior Resources.|