Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


33rd Annual Convention; San Diego, CA; 2007

Event Details

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Symposium #163
CE Offered: BACB
Using Self-Monitoring to Improve Safety and Health-Related Behaviors
Sunday, May 27, 2007
9:00 AM–10:20 AM
Emma AB
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: Nicole E. Gravina (Western Michigan University)
Discussant: Eric J. Fox (Western Michigan University)
CE Instructor: John Austin, Ph.D.

Three data-based research studies examining the use of self monitoring for improving health and safety related behaviors will be presented. The first two studies will each present data examining the parameters of self-monitoring as an intervention for improving postural safety. The last study will demonstrate the use of a self-monitoring program in an actual organization to improve the health and safety-related behaviors of long haul truck drivers. Finally, our discussant will discuss the potential behavioral mechanisms underlying self-monitoring from a relational frame theory perspective.

Improving Postural Safety Using Intensive Accuracy Training and Self-Monitoring.
SHANNON M. LOEWY (Western Michigan University), Nicole E. Gravina (Western Michigan University), John Austin (Western Michigan University)
Abstract: The proposed presentation will discuss the data and results from a study that was a follow-up to the study completed by Gravina in 2006. Gravina obtained mixed results for the efficacy of self-monitoring of postural safety. The follow-up study sought to examine the effects of adding an intensive accuracy-training component to self-monitoring. A multiple baseline across behaviors design was used to evaluate the safety performance of three college undergraduate participants performing a typing and assembly task. Stronger and more consistent results were observed for all three participants compared to previous research. The findings, implications of these findings, and needs for further research will be discussed.
The Effects of Extending the Self-Monitoring Schedule to a More Reasonable Rate.
NICOLE E. GRAVINA (Western Michigan University), Yueng-hsiang (Emily) Huang (Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety), Michelle Robertson (Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety), Michael Blair (Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety), John Austin (Western Michigan University)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to extend the findings of the first study in the symposium to determine if self-monitoring would maintain improvements in postural safety when the self-monitoring schedule was extended to a more reasonable rate. This study took place in an analogue office setting and participants completed typing tasks for 30-minute blocks. Self-monitoring was evaluated using a multiple baseline design across participants. Results indicated that, for postures who improved during the initial 2 min self-monitoring schedule, improvements maintained when the schedule was extended to 15 min. Most participants reported that self-monitoring on a 15 min schedule was reasonable. Results, implications, and future research will be discussed.
Commercial Truck Drivers Increase Physical Activity Levels through Self-Management Activities.
RYAN B. OLSON (Oregon Health and Science University), Aubrey Buckert (Portland State University)
Abstract: Line-haul commercial truck drivers (n=9) participated in a self-management intervention to increase physical activity. Intervention components included health feedback, goal setting, self-monitoring steps, and self-reinforcement. Changes in physical activity were measured with omni-directional accelerometers (Actical by Minimitter) within a repeated measures AB design. Five of the nine drivers showed average improvements in dependent measures with group average increases of 89 kcals and 1525 steps per day (d gain = 0.6 and 1.1 respectively). Drivers’ reported perceived increases in physical activity and changes to non-targeted dietary behaviors, such as quitting soda consumption. The results are impressive due to drivers’ long work hours and limited physical activity options, and highlight the value of self-management activities and accelerometer methods within health promotion studies.



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