Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


10th International Conference; Stockholm, Sweden; 2019

Event Details

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Paper Session #68
Single Case Design
Monday, September 30, 2019
8:00 AM–8:50 AM
Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre, Level 2, C2
Chair: Kimberly Vannest (Texas A & M University)

Learning Single-Case by Doing Single-Case: 150 Experiments by Clinical Master Students

Area: TBA
Domain: Applied Research
LARS KLINTWALL (Stockholm University), Jonas Ramnero (Stockholm University)

As part of the masters program in clinical psychology, students at Stockholm University are required to design and conduct a Single-Case Experimental Design (SCED). The behaviors chosen by students range from verbal behaviors investigated using online chats, to toddler morning routines. Interventions range from chemical (e.g. caffeine) to positive reinforcement (e.g. token systems). Given the large number of studies conducted, some tentative conclusions can be drawn about which behaviors and interventions tend to be the most effective, and what instructions and course requirements that are needed to enable students to conduct studies with both social validity and scientific rigor. Our results show that students can design and conduct SCEDs. The majority of the studies achieve substantial effects on target behaviors, and it is likely that that this experience of a successful manipulation of a clinically relevant behavior is a powerful reinforcer, thus making this assignment an effective introduction to behavior analysis.

The Role of Visual Analysis in the Meta-Analysis of Single Case Designs
Area: EDC
Domain: Theory
KIMBERLY VANNEST (Texas A & M University)
Abstract: Visual analysis is widely touted as a “gold-standard” for the analysis of individual single case research, yet many syntheses indicate reliability is poor, inconsistent, and heavily dependent on contextual clues. The role (if any) of visual analysis in meta-analysis is widely overlooked. This study reviews relevant literature on the use of visual analysis in meta-analytic work across fields of education, rehabilitation, and medicine to summarize the current state of the art standards. The paper then proceeds to a). illustrate potential methods for the inclusion of visual analysis, b) empirically demonstrate benefits and limitations of VA in meta-analytic work, and c) discuss the exclusion of visual analysis from current practices of meta-analysis and implications for scientific inquiry.



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