Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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39th Annual Convention; Minneapolis, MN; 2013

Program by Special Events: Saturday, May 25, 2013


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Special Event #7
Closed Meeting: ABAI Affiliate Chapters Training Meeting
Saturday, May 25, 2013
8:00 AM–11:00 AM
L100 F-G (Convention Center)
Chair: Gordon Bourland (Trinity Behavioral Associates)

ABAI training sessions are great opportunities for chapter leaders to gain knowledge and expertise on issues of central importance to their ABAI affiliated chapters. This training is for chapter leaders only. Although the training is free for up to three officers per chapter, advance registration is required. This event is closed; attendance is by invitation only.

Presentations will be made by Eitan Eldar (Israel ABA), Grant Gautreaux (Louisiana Behavior Analysis Association), and Martha Hübner (ABAI International Representative to the Executive Council; ABA of Brazil). Break-out sessions for moderated discussion are planned on "chapter communication and conflict resolution" and "state licensure updates," among other topics.

 
 
Special Event #8
Closed Meeting: Special Interest Group Leadership Training
Saturday, May 25, 2013
9:00 AM–11:00 AM
L100 D-E (Convention Center)
Chair: Richard W. Malott (Western Michigan University)

ABAI is pleased to offer a Leadership Training Session for officers of ABAI Special Interest Groups (SIGs) for the purpose of providing strategies for guiding the growth of SIGs and providing services to members and constituents. This training is for SIG leaders only. Although the training is free for up to three officers per SIG, registration is required. This event is closed; attendance is by invitation only.

Presentations will provide information and assistance in setting up and managing useful, low-cost means of SIG communication. Behavior Analysis for Sustainable Societies representatives will share their experiences leveraging Facebook, a blog, and a listserv to effectively disseminate information to SIG members and nonmembers. Health, Sport, and Fitness SIG members will provide guidance on specific web page technology for the development of websites specific to the needs and interests of members. Presentations will be followed by break-out sessions for moderated discussion on the topics presented.

 
 
Special Event #9
Parents, Professionals, and Students: Welcome to the ABAI Annual Convention
Saturday, May 25, 2013
10:00 AM–10:50 AM
201 A-B (Convention Center)
Chair: Kerry A. Conde (Western New England University)

Parents and other caregivers of individuals with special needs as well as professionals and students are attending the ABAI convention in increasing numbers but may have questions about how to make the most of the experience. Furthermore, an event as large as ABAI may seem overwhelming to newcomers. Parents, professionals, and students who may be attending ABAI for the first time are encouraged to participate in this convention orientation and visit our website. We will provide an overview of ABAI and its convention and highlight the types of events that parents, professionals, and students will encounter.

 
 
Special Event #10
Opening Event and the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis Awards Ceremony
Saturday, May 25, 2013
11:30 AM–12:50 PM
Main Auditorium (Convention Center)
Keyword(s): opening event, saba awards
Chair: Richard W. Malott (Western Michigan University)
 

Award for Distinguished Service to Behavior Analysis: Kennon Andy Lattal, Ph.D.

Abstract:

As the defining feature of his professional life since his junior year of college, behavior analysis has imparted many gifts to Dr. Kennon Andy Lattal. These simple gifts cover the breadth of his experiences with the conceptual foundations, empirical database, methods, and people with whom he worked and collaborated with throughout the years. In this brief talk, Dr. Lattal will reflect on some of those experiences and the people responsible for them—how they have shaped his behavior in and out of the classroom and laboratory; what he has learned (and has not learned) as a result of these broad, diverse contacts; and what he would have others take away from his accumulated history of being a researcher, teacher, observer, participant, and fellow traveler with colleagues, students, and many friends in our fine discipline.

 
KENNON ANDY LATTAL (West Virginia University)
 
Dr. Kennon Andy Lattal is Centennial Professor of Psychology at West Virginia University. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Alabama and joined the WVU faculty in 1972. He has written 140 research articles and chapters on conceptual, experimental, and applied topics in behavior analysis and edited seven books and journal special issues, including the American Psychological Association’s memorial tribute to B. F. Skinner. He has mentored 40 doctoral students and every faculty member of WVU’s Behavior Analysis Program since 1982. He was coordinator of that program from 1982 to 2012. A former president of the Association for Behavioral Analysis International, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the American Psychological Association’s Division 25, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, and Southeastern Association for Behavior Analysis, Dr. Lattal also served on the oversight and various working committees of these organizations. He has been elected to editorial boards of eight professional journals, and is a former editor of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. His activities have been acknowledged through several awards, including major teaching awards from WVU, APA’s Division for the Teaching of Psychology, and ABAI. In addition to his named professorship, WVU recognized his scholarly work with its Benedum Distinguished Scholar Award and APA’s Division 25 with its Distinguished Contributions to Basic Research Award. He has taught and conducted research at several U.S. universities and in six other countries, culminating in spending the 2011-12 academic year at Université Charles de Gaulle in Lille, France, as a Fulbright research scholar.  
 

Award for International Dissemination of Behavior Analysis: SEEK Education, Inc.

Abstract:

SEEK Education, Inc. will be represented by Sharon Chien, SEEK founder and chair, as it receives this award. An 8-minute video of SEEK Education’s record will show its dedication and commitment toward advancing the study and training of applied behavior analysis throughout Asia, and to introduce the organizations and the people who have been benefited from the science of ABA through SEEK’s dissemination work and its enthusiasm of learning and applying ABA. Organizations SEEK works with include the Wuhan Hospital, Autism Society of China, Central China ABA Association, Taiwan ABA Association, and Shenzhen Autism Society. SEEK also expresses gratitude and excitement about bringing ABA into its educational system.

 
SHARON CHIEN (SEEK Education, Inc.)
 
 

Award for Scientific Translation: George E. Bigelow, Ph.D., and Maxine L. Stitzer, Ph.D.

Abstract:

Drugs of abuse are powerful positive reinforcers that promote and maintain substantial and often escalating amounts of drug seeking and drug taking behavior. Our pioneering research showed that behavioral principles could be usefully applied to the study and treatment of substance-use problems and that drug-taking behaviors could be readily influenced by appropriate scheduling of consequences. We specifically demonstrated that alternative positive reinforcers, including treatment clinic privileges and cash payments, could be used effectively in an operant conditioning paradigm to compete with powerful drug reinforcers and support drug abstinence versus drug-seeking behaviors. This early translational research has led to a substantial and growing body of work clearly supporting utility of the operant behavior analytic approach to substance-abuse problems. It also has led to development of incentive-based contingency management interventions that can effectively compete with drug reinforcement and that have been widely studied and adopted as an evidence-based treatment intervention.

 
GEORGE E. BIGELOW (Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine), MAXINE STITZER (Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit)
 
George Bigelow, Ph.D., is a professor of behavioral biology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, where he is director of the Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit, and director of its postdoctoral research training program on the human behavioral pharmacology of substance abuse. After undergraduate training at the University of Maryland, his graduate and postdoctoral training in experimental psychology and psychopharmacology were at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Bigelow’s research has focused on the determinants and consequences of human drug self-administration, and on the use of behavior analysis methods in the study and treatment of substance abuse. His research has included—alcohol, tobacco, heroin, cocaine, and other substances—and has included controlled human laboratory research demonstrating drugs functioning as reinforcers and the controllability of drug self-administration by its consequences, as well as outpatient clinical trials of incentive-based behavior therapies both alone and when integrated with pharmacotherapies. He and Maxine L. Stitzer have worked together for several decades in applying behavior analysis principles and methods to the study and treatment of substance-use problems and to the translation of behavioral principles from the laboratory to broader clinical therapeutic application. 
 
Dr. Maxine Stitzer is a research psychologist and professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Behavioral Pharmacology Research Unit, a nationally recognized drug abuse research laboratory. Her extensive grant-supported research program has focused on both pharmacological and behavioral approaches to the treatment of substance abuse and reflects active research interests in both illicit drug abuse (opiates, stimulants) and tobacco dependence. She has published more than 250 scientific papers, co-edited a book on methadone treatment, served on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Smoking Cessation Clinical Guidelines panel, and founded a model psychosocial counseling program at Johns Hopkins for opiate and cocaine users. She currently heads the Mid-Atlantic Node of the National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network (CTN), which conducts research in community clinics on both new and existing treatments and promotes adoption of effective treatments into clinical practice. She is well known for her pioneering work on contingency management approaches in substance-abuse treatment, designed to enhance motivation for positive behavior change and particularly effective for promoting abstinence from drugs. She has been the recipient of numerous federal research grants and several awards for outstanding contributions to behavioral science research.
 

Award for Enduring Programmatic Contributions to Behavior Analysis: University of São Paulo Experimental Psychology Graduate Program

Abstract:

The Behavior Analysis Area of the Experimental Psychology Graduate Program of the University of São Paulo in Brazil strives to strengthen the theoretical and experimental research in behavior analysis, train new researchers and teachers, play a role in the training of behavior analysts, promote the participation of students in supervised systematic investigations, and function in the context of multidisciplinary integration with the neurosciences and ethology branches of research in the program. The program was created in 1970 and was approved by the Brazilian Federal Government to operate at the master’s degree level in 1970, and at the doctoral level in 1974. Its creation evolved from Fred Keller’s first visit to Brazil in 1961 after he created the first cohort in Experimental Analysis of Behavior at the university. The program has received support in the form of scholarships for master’s, doctoral, postdoctoral, and research productivity, and project financing from Brazilian FIPSE (CAPES), National Council for the Development of Science (CNPq), National Foundation for Education and Research (FINEP), and São Paulo State Foundation for Research Support (FAPESP). It also was part of the only research group in Brazil in psychology and behavior analysis to receive a national project grant from the National Institute of Science and Technology. Also, the program has received the highest government national grade (7 on a scale of 3-7) for the most recent 3-year evaluation periods. The program faculty collaborates with many foreign institutions and researchers, and has worked on journals such as The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, The Journal of Experimental Analysis of Behavior, and The Brazilian Journal of Behavior Analysis as peer reviewers. Faculty members also hold leadership positions in scholarly and service organizations such as ABAI, the Council of Brazilian Society of Psychology, and the Brazilian Association of Psychology.

 
MARTHA HÜBNER (University of São Paulo, Brazil)
 
 

Award for Effective Presentation of Behavior Analysis in the Mass Media: Aubrey Daniels, Ph.D.

Abstract:

Can Behavior Analysis Be “Funalicious?”: It is a myth that if you “build a better mouse trap, the world will beat a path to your door.” Everyone here believes that we have a better way to deal with most of the world’s problems because all of them require, in the beginning, middle or end, someone’s behavior to solve them. With a technology that is able to address the pressing problems of the world you would think that some of us would be inundated with requests to appear on the morning talk shows, Oprah, TED Talks, The Tonight Show, hounded for interviews, and be quoted by bloggers daily. However, that is far from the case. Dr. Aubrey Daniels has said for many years that we have the best kept productivity secret in the world; not that we planned it that way but that is the way it has worked out. The best that we can say is what the Marines say, “We are the proud, the few, the Marines.” Let’s face it. There are almost no marketing people among us. That is certainly our “sweet spot.” By training we expect our results to speak for themselves. They may, but not fast enough to reach Malcolm Gladwell’s The Tipping Point, at least in my lifetime. It is time for us to spread the word about our technology in a way that we will impact many of the daily problems of living that prevent billions of people in the world from living productive and happy lives. It is a noble undertaking worth pursuing. Not that I have all the answers, but I do have a few.

 
AUBREY C. DANIELS (Aubrey Daniels International, Inc.)
 

Aubrey C. Daniels, Ph.D., is the world’s foremost authority on applying the scientifically proven laws of human behavior to the workplace. Daniels helps the world’s leading organizations employ the timeless principles of behavioral science to re-energize the workplace, optimize performance, and achieve lasting results. His management consulting firm, Aubrey Daniels International (ADI), works with business leaders in more than 20 countries to develop management strategies that reinforce critical behaviors vital to their long-term success. Headquartered in Atlanta, GA, the firm was founded in 1978. Daniels is the author of six best-selling books widely recognized as international management classics: Bringing out the Best in People, Performance Management, OOPs!, Other People’s Habits, Measure of a Leader with James E. Daniels, and Safe by Accident? co-authored with Judy Agnew, Ph.D. His books have been translated into Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Spanish and French and have been licensed in China, Singapore, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Romania, and Saudi Arabia. He lives in Tucker, GA, with his wife, Becky. He has two daughters, two grandsons and one granddaughter.

 
Keyword(s): opening event, saba awards
 
 
Special Event #12
SQAB Tutorial: Bringing Pavlov's Science to Behavior Analysis
Saturday, May 25, 2013
1:00 PM–1:50 PM
Auditorium Room 1 (Convention Center)
Area: EAB; Domain: Basic Research
Presenting Authors: : DANIEL GOTTLIEB (Sweet Briar College)
Abstract:

Recent research in Pavlovian conditioning has led to an increasingly expansive view of Pavlovian processes and a growing appreciation for their sophistication. Unfortunately, there has been relatively little progress in applying this knowledge toward the promotion of mental and physical well being. It is clear, however, that Pavlovian processes are important for more than phobias and drug relapse. Their influence extends to a variety of biological systems important for maintaining homeostasis and fighting illness, and they appear to play an important but overlooked role in response allocation. This tutorial will describe a variety of health-relevant Pavlovian phenomena from a contemporary perspective. The discussion will involve a description of the different types of Pavlovian stimuli, the circumstances that establish them, how to identify them, and what is known about the ability to modify them through intervention. Although behavior analysts have had great success in modifying behavior through principles of reinforcement and punishment, it is only when Pavlov's science is also brought into the fold that the full promise of behavioral intervention can be achieved.

 
DANIEL GOTTLIEB (Sweet Briar College)
Daniel Gottlieb, Ph.D., received his B.S. in psychology from Yale University, where he spent time in Allan Wagner’s animal learning laboratory. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Pennsylvania under the guidance of Robert Rescorla and spent two years as a post-doc in C. R. Gallistel’s laboratory at Rutgers University. He is now an associate professor of psychology at Sweet Briar College, where he studies appetitive conditioning in rats and people. During the course of his career, Dr. Gottlieb has studied learning and decision-making processes in mice, rats, pigeons, rabbits, and people, and has published his work in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Behavioural Processes, and Psychological Science. He received APA’s 2006 Young Investigator Award in Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, and Sweet Briar College’s 2007 Connie Burwell White Excellent in Teaching Award. Recent projects include an entry for Pavlovian Conditioning in Springer’s  Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning and a book chapter on the Principles of Pavlovian Conditioning for the upcoming Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Operant and Classical Conditioning. 
 
 
Special Event #38
SQAB Tutorial: Reinforcement: History and Current Status
Saturday, May 25, 2013
2:00 PM–2:50 PM
Auditorium Room 1 (Convention Center)
Area: EAB; Domain: Basic Research
Presenting Authors: : JOHN W. DONAHOE (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)
Abstract:

The following topics will be among those discussed: (1) implications of Darwinian thinking (selectionism) for selection by reinforcement, (2) the problem of "circularity" and its treatment by the probability differential (Premack) and response-deprivation (Timberlake & Allison) hypotheses, (3) the Rescorla-Wagner model of conditioning and its conceptual problems, (4) experimental evidence relating to the Unified Principle of Reinforcement (UPR), (5) the operant-respondent distinction as viewed by UPR, (6) implications of UPR for phenomena such as those identified in studies of behavioral momentum, conditioning of behavior-systems, and temporal coding, (7) issues in the experimental analysis of the free-operant procedure and their implications for the molar-molecular debate, (8) neural-networks as a means of interpreting the effects of reinforcement, and (9) the role of neuroscience in the formulation of the reinforcement principle.

 
JOHN W. DONAHOE (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)
After majoring in chemistry at Rutgers University, John W. Donahoe did his graduate work at the Thomas Hunt Morgan School of Biological Sciences at the University of Kentucky in the Department of Psychology. He received his doctorate in 1958 after study in experimental psychology and neurophysiology. He spent a postdoctoral year at the Center for Brain Research, University of Rochester. Dr. Donahoe returned to the University of Kentucky where he held joint appointments in the Psychology Department and the Computing Center as an assistant and then an associate professor. In 1969, he joined the faculty of the Psychology Department at the University of Massachusetts and became a professor and founding member of the Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience and Behavior. Although the director of his doctoral research was a former student of Clark Hull at Yale, Donahoe’s approach to research was primarily influenced by Ernest Meyer, a Columbia graduate, and especially by Fogle Clark, a North Carolina graduate, both of whom were “Skinnerians.” Hull’s scientific rigor proved illusory when it confronted the reality of the laboratory, whereas Skinner’s experimental analysis of behavior flourished. Skinner’s description of behavior analysis as “a rigorous, extensive, and rapidly advancing branch of biology” was especially appealing. Donahoe’s research interests are reinforcement theory, stimulus control, neural networks informed by neuroscience, and implications of basic conditioning processes for the interpretation of complex behavior.
 
 
Special Event #61
SQAB Tutorial: Impulsivity, Impatience, and Risk Taking: How Many Impulsivities? A Discounting Perspective
Saturday, May 25, 2013
3:00 PM–3:50 PM
Auditorium Room 1 (Convention Center)
Area: EAB; Domain: Basic Research
Presenting Authors: : LEONARD GREEN (Washington University), Joel Myerson (Washington University)
Abstract:

People discount the value of delayed or uncertain outcomes, and the same mathematical function describes both delay and probability discounting. The degree to which individuals discount is thought to reflect how impulsive they are. From this perspective, steep discounting of delayed outcomes (which fails to maximize long-term welfare) and shallow discounting of probabilistic outcomes (which fails to adequately take risk into account) reflect similar decision-making processes and also the same trait of impulsivity. However, several manipulations selectively affect delay and probability discounting, and correlational studies show that how steeply one discounts delayed rewards is relatively independent of how steeply one discounts probabilistic rewards. Thus, referring to both delay and probability discounting as measures of "impulsivity" may serve only to indicate that real behavioral problems can involve either kind of discounting. This tutorial will highlight the similarities and differences between delay and probability discounting as well as the implications of both experimental and correlational findings on discounting and impulsivity.

 
LEONARD GREEN (Washington University), Joel Myerson (Washington University)
Leonard Green, Ph.D., received his undergraduate degree from the City College of New York (CCNY) and his Ph.D. from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. After completing post-doctoral research, Green ventured west of the Mississippi (although he thought he was still east of the river) where he is now a professor of psychology at Washington University in St. Louis and director of undergraduate studies. Green’s research concerns choice and decision-making in rats, pigeons, and people, with a particular interest in models of self-control, impulsivity, and basic learning processes. He is one of the developers of behavioral economics, a transdisciplinary field that combines the experimental methodology of psychology with the theoretical constructs of economics. He has published more than 150 articles and book chapters, is co-author of the book Economic Choice Theory: An Experimental Analysis of Animal Behavior (Cambridge University Press), and editor of Advances in Behavioral Economics, the third volume of which is subtitled Substance Use and Abuse. He has been editor of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, associate editor of the Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, and consulting editor for Behavior and Philosophy. Green’s research has been funded by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, and the McDonnell Center for Higher Brain Function. He is a fellow of the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) and the Association for Psychological Science (APS). He was president of the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior and on the Executive Board of the Society for the Quantitative Analysis of Behavior (SQAB) and Missouri Families for Effective Autism Treatment (MO-FEAT).
 
 
Special Event #78
SQAB Tutorial: Behavioral Mechanisms of Drug Action: What Are They, How Will We Know One When We See It, and How Might Quantitative Models Help?
Saturday, May 25, 2013
4:00 PM–4:50 PM
Auditorium Room 1 (Convention Center)
Area: EAB/BPH; Domain: Basic Research
Presenting Authors: : RAYMOND C. PITTS (University of North Carolina at Wilmington)
Abstract:

More than 45 years of research in behavioral pharmacology has shown quite clearly that environmental variables are powerful determinants of the behavioral effects of drugs. Unfortunately, providing a coherent, behavior-analytic framework within which to characterize the roles of environmental context, behavioral history, schedule of reinforcement, type of reinforcer, and deprivation level (to name a few) has proven to be quite a challenge. It has been suggested that effects of these and the myriad other environmental determinants might be viewed within a conceptual framework referred to as "behavioral mechanisms" of drug action. This tutorial will describe the notion of behavioral mechanisms of drug action and review some of the sorts of data that have been said to illustrate them. The focus will be on the potential for quantitative models as a set of tools for elucidating behavioral mechanisms. The presentation will conclude by exploring the applied/translational implications of the concept.

 
RAYMOND C. PITTS (University of North Carolina at Wilmington)
Raymond C. Pitts received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Florida in 1989. After completing a post-doctoral fellowship in the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology at the Wake Forest Medical School, he took a job as a research assistant professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. In 1996, he moved to the Department of Psychology at the University of North Carolina Wilmington, and has been there ever since. He achieved his current rank of professor in 2005.  Dr. Pitts has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior and The Behavior Analyst. His work has been supported by grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and has been published in journals such as the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Psychopharmacology, Behavioural Pharmacology, Behavioral Neuroscience, Behavioural Processes, and the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Psychopharmacology. He has served as the ABAI Program co-chair and currently serves as the experimental representative on the ABAI Council.
 

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