Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


Seventh International Conference; Merida, Mexico; 2013

Event Details

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Symposium #66
Mexican Network for Research on Animal Behavior II
Tuesday, October 8, 2013
11:00 AM–12:20 PM
Yucatan III (Fiesta Americana)
Presentation Language:Spanish
Area: EAB; Domain: Experimental Analysis
Chair: Mario Serrano (Universidad Veracruzana-CEICAH)

Mexican Network for Research on Animal Behavior is a psychological research group with the following objectives: (a) promote the development of scientific research on animal behavior in Mexico, (b) contribute to the training of high-level human resources on animal behavior research, (c) sharing different kinds of research resources, (d) promote the inter-institutional exchange of researchers as well as students, and (e) organize an annual event in which our members could release their research objectives in order to increase people's interest on animal behavior research. In this context, the talks in the present symposium are about the experimental analysis of associative learning and operant behavior. Our principal objective is to release some Mexican research interests to the international behavior analysis community.

Keyword(s): animal behavior, cognition, memory, operant behavior
Associative Learning: Neural and Cognitive Mechanisms
LIVIA SANCHEZ CARRASCO (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico)
Abstract: Nowadays associative learning provides the framework to understand and explain learning and cognitive processes in human and non-human animals. Moreover, it gives support to practical applications (i.e. phobias, drug addiction, etc.). The main goal of this research line is comprehend the neural and cognitive mechanisms that underlay to associative learning. To this purpose we use instrumental and classical conditioning procedures, as well as some computer programmed tasks to evaluate associative learning processes in humans, mainly we analyze extinction and retrieval-related phenomena. Recently, we are using Arc cellular compartmental analysis of temporal gene transcription by fluorescence in situ hybridization (catFISH) to identify neurons activated during acquisition, extinction and retrieval of taste aversion learning in rats. Our research will contribute to the development of modern and more precise integrative theories on learning.

The Role of Secondary Rewards on Self-Control

RODRIGO SOSA (Universidad de Guadalajara), Cristiano Dos Santos (Universidad de Guadalajara)

Several theorists have asserted that performance on choice procedures is controlled to some extent by cues that predict rewards. This includes intertemporal choice procedures, which are extensively used as a paradigm to study self-control. The basic assumption is that those cues acquire a secondary reward function via its temporal and statistical (i.e., Pavlovian) relation to primary reward delivery. Numerous studies have demonstrated that such cues have an effect independent of primary rewards and that both are commensurable. Therefore, most of the time choice behavior may be the result of a joint contribution of primary and secondary rewards. The possibility of the contribution of cues negatively associated with reward, functioning as conditioned aversive stimuli, has not been explored yet. Our line of research aims to assess whether creating a history in which a cue is negatively related to the delivery of reward has an aversive effect when that cue is later added to SS alternative in an intertemporal choice procedure, promoting less preference for that alternative.


Serial Recall Functions in Rats

J.C. PEDRO ARRIAGA-RAMIREZ (UNAM FES Iztacala), Guadalupe Ortega-Saavedra (FES Iztacala UNAM), Ángela María Hermosillo-García (FES Iztacala UNAM), Sara E. Cruz-Morales (UNAM FES Iztacala)

In this line of research we devised a technique for the study of serial recall of lists of demonstrators in food preference, a social behavior paradigm. We have studied the typical result in list recall, primacy and recency depending on several parameter values. We also have found the vonRestorff effect when an outstanding element was presented in the middle position. We have studied the effects of two anti-cholinergic drugs and an antagonist of the GABAb neurotransmitter. We will start studying the effect of hippocampus lesions soon. Within this line of research we have obtained financial support for 6 years. We have published two papers in the journal Learning & Behavior, one book and one chapter in another book. We have graduated one BA student and two MA students. We are now studying a new technique in which a list of different frequencies will be presented to rats in Med-Pc chambers.


Activity in the Running Wheel: Operant or Adjunctive Behavior?

CARLOS FLORES (Universidad de Guadalajara), Rebeca Mateos Morfín (Universidad del Valle de México-Zapopan)

When organisms are deprived of food and the reinforcement is available under intermittent conditions, subjects usually show orderly concurrent behaviors. These behaviors have been called induced or adjunctive and have been proposed as functionally different from respondents and operants. The prototypical example of adjunctive behavior is schedule-induced polydipsia. Recent studies using this experimental paradigm have suggested that adjunctive drinking do not represents a third class of behavior and that it could be integrate as a case of operant behavior (e.g., Avila & Bruner, 1994; Killen & Pellon, 2013). In this talk we will try to extend the same idea to the so-called schedule-induced activity. Such a possibility is supported by the observation of wheel-running patterns similar to those observed when lever-pressing or key-pecking are the target responses.




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