Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


Seventh International Conference; Merida, Mexico; 2013

Event Details

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Paper Session #56
Ecological Behavior and a Culturally Sensitive Approach
Tuesday, October 8, 2013
8:30 AM–9:50 AM
Yucatan III (Fiesta Americana)
Area: CSE
Chair: Corinne M. Murphy (West Chester University)
Respect the Earth Behavior Strategies for Fomenting Pro-Ecological Behavior
Domain: Theory
ANDREE FLEMING-HOLLAND (University of Veracruz), Esperanza Ferrant-Jimenez (University of Veracruz), Marco Wilfredo Salas-Martinez (University of Veracruz, Mexico)
Abstract: Mxico like most developing nations, suffers from multiple ecological problems. Solving environmental problems needs the resources of the government and industry as well the cooperation of the citizens, and the participation of each of us. The degree of ecological problems at a global level takes a village at local, national and international levels to promote a fair distribution of resources and development, and so ensuring an acceptable quality of life. The deterioration of the environment is a consequence of the unregulated exploitation of our natural resources, and the resulting contamination has forced us to recognize that the answer lies in reaffirming pro-ecological values, beliefs and attitudes which will permit us to act in a more responsible way towards our planet. Mans activities are the principal cause of pollution, due to lack of environmental sensibility as well as lack of planning in the responsible management of natural resources. Recent investigations show that ecologically friendly behaviors will increase if perceived as convenient, economical and effective. An adequate behavioral analysis and intervention have proved effective in several situations in Mxico which will be analyzed in detail.
Culturally Relevant Education: Applications of Discrete Trial Instruction in Multi-Disability Education Setting on the Island of Eleuthera
Domain: Service Delivery
CORINNE M. MURPHY (West Chester University), Claire Verden (West Chester University)
Abstract: The use of discrete trial as a classroom-based instructional strategy has been well documented as an effective instructional strategy for students with autism and intellectual disability across the United States (Smith, 2012). This research extends the use of discrete trial intervention to students with special needs in a multi-disability education setting on the underdeveloped island of Eleuthera. The research focused on the comparative effects of two instructional techniques: discrete trial instruction and exposure teaching on students acquisition of expressive and receptive identification skills. The research used single-subject alternating treatments design. Three students with autism and intellectual disability, ages 5, 7, and 9-years-old participated in 10-minute sessions of discrete trial instruction and exposure teaching, 3 times per day for 1 week. Discrete trial instruction involved the teacher simultaneously presenting an object and verbal instruction to the student, the student verbally responding and the teacher verbally praising the student. Correction procedures included teacher response of no, followed by representing the stimulus with the verbal instruction and a verbal prompt. Exposure teaching involved the teacher reading a book to the student. The book told a story that included a target item (e.g., helicopter). After the teacher finished reading the book, the teacher asked the student to identify the picture of target item in the book (e.g., What is this? while pointing to the helicopter). This presentation will discuss the results of the study within the context of student participants who have never been exposed to discrete trial as an evidence-based teaching method.
Respect. Listen. Learn. A Culturally Sensitive Approach to Supporting Families in Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)
Domain: Service Delivery
DIANNA HIU YAN YIP (P.L.A.I. Behaviour Consulting)
Abstract: In todays globalized world, many countries and cities are becoming more culturally diverse. What does this mean to those who support children with special needs and their families using Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)? The topic of cultural sensitivity has gained more attention over the past years. More research has been conducted in this area to help us understand the importance of being culturally sensitive in service delivery and also ways to support service delivery to different cultures. Given the experiences in supporting families from various cultures in both Canada and Hong Kong, it is clear that practicing ABA with cultural sensitivity and appropriateness is essential to quality and effective services. In this presentation, the implications of the findings from recent research will be discussed. The presentation will also demonstrate how to apply these research findings in practice, in which the implementation of ABA to support families and children and to improve their quality of life will be revealed through a case example.



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