Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


Seventh International Conference; Merida, Mexico; 2013

Event Details

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Paper Session #69
Addressing Development Issues in Behavior Analysis
Tuesday, October 8, 2013
12:30 PM–1:50 PM
Yucatan IV (Fiesta Americana)
Area: DEV
Chair: Martha Pelaez (Florida International University)
Addressing Proto-SIB in Young Children
Domain: Applied Behavior Analysis
CHATURI EDRISINHA (St. Cloud State University), Theresa Estrem (St. Cloud State University)
Abstract: Using language to communicate needs and wants is a vital skill that is learned early in a childs life. However, some children do not learn appropriate language skills and instead exhibit inappropriate behavior such as aggression or SIB that emerge as replacement behaviors. Additionally, children who exhibit proto-SIB or early forms of SIB are often too young to qualify for a diagnosis and their behaviors may go untreated. This pilot study examined and treated the function of proto-SIB in children ages 0-5 years who did not have a formal disability diagnosis. We attempted to replace these behaviors by teaching appropriate communication in the context of a motivating operation that was directly linked to the consequences maintaining these behaviors. This research was the first to treat proto-SIB, identify how teaching functionally equivalent communication may replace these inappropriate behaviors, and explore applications in childs natural settings. Pilot data support and offer evidence to support a broader study. Results are discussed in terms of application to treatment options in early childhood.
Behavioral Systems Approach to Child Development
Domain: Theory
MARTHA PELAEZ (Florida International University)
Abstract: Child and Adolescent Development: A Behavioral Systems Approach integrates the views of dynamical systems concepts with a behavioral view of development. This combination of perspectives is unique and from it something new emerges a "behavioral systems approach" to development. It is an approach that incorporates both personal and environmental influences and the constant reciprocal interactions between nature and nurture. This systems approach emphasizes learning as the major process for change in development and the integration of environmental influences with genetic and historical variables. Author Martha Pelaez provides a coherent understanding of the learning process in childhood and discusses principles of equifinality, multiple determination, coalescent organization and the notion of "cusps" as a replacement for the traditional concept of "stages" in development. The author highlights successful interventions to minimize typical problematic behavior during this period.
Neuropsychological Impact From Bullying Victimization During Childhood
Domain: Theory
LORENA A. HIGHLAND ANGELUCCI (Universidad Autonoma de Aguascalientes), Francisco J Pedroza-Cabrera (Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes)
Abstract: Child neuropsychology emerges to analyze the relationship between behavior and brain development during childhood and adolescence. The early detection of adjustment disorders during the first years of life, acquires nowadays more relevance in the psychological field. Bullying in schools has been identified as a serious and complex worldwide problem associated with negative short- and long-term effects on children's psychosocial adjustment. School may be the first context beyond the home environment where children's difficulties in social interactions with peers can be primarily originated but also detected and assessed by adults and professionals. Evidence suggests that the psychological pain due to the repeated intimidation or prolonged exposure to a bullying situation , follows the same neuronal mechanisms from those for physical pain. Therefore, the full understanding of behavior and the effects on brain development are crucial to emphasize the clinical and health implications of bullying and victimization during childhood in contrast with other stages of life. This paper reviews recent empirical evidence related to the biological impact from bullying victimization during childhood and it's possible correlation with psychological adjustment disorders.



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